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Indicators on income and economic activity

Source: Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat and International Labour Office.

Per capita GDP ($US)

Adult economic activity rate(%)

Country or area

2000

Year

Male

Female

Afghanistan
100
...
...
...
Albania
1,197
...
...
...
Algeria
1,663
2000
47
v
7
v
American Samoa
...
1990
59
a
42
a
Andorra
14,054
...
...
...
Angola
590
...
...
...
Antigua and Barbuda
10,204
1991
82
63
Argentina
7,678
2000
73
b u
44
b u
Armenia
506
1997
74
51
Aruba
...
1994
76
53
Australia
20,298
2001
72
u
55
u
Austria
23,357
2001
68
49
Azerbaijan
655
2000
50
v
43
v
Bahamas
14,147
1998
74
c
66
c
Bahrain
9,929
1999
65
19
Bangladesh
362
1999-2000
87
56
Barbados
9,721
1997
74
c
62
c
Belarus
1,022
1999
66
53
Belgium
22,323
2000
62
43
Belize
3,345
1997
80
e
39
e
Benin
349
1992
90
58
Bermuda
44,060
...
...
...
Bhutan
232
...
...
...
Bolivia
995
2000
82
d
60
d
Bosnia-Herzegovina
1,074
...
...
...
Botswana
3,225
1998
70
48
Brazil
3,484
1999
82
g
54
g
Brunei Darussalam
15,345
1991
82
46
Bulgaria
1,508
2001
55
u
46
u
Burkina Faso
204
1991
89
79
Burundi
124
1991
90
h
91
h
Cambodia
237
1999
81
74
Cameroon
626
...
...
...
Canada
22,778
2001
73
i
60
i
Cape Verde
1,299
1990
85
41
Central African Republic
241
1988
87
69
Chad
112
1993
81
64
Chile
4,669
2001
73
35
China j
866
1990
85
73
China, Hong Kong SAR
23,709
2001
73
w
51
w
China, Macao SAR
...
2001
77
c
58
c
Colombia
1,930
2000
74
c d k m
57
c d k m
Comoros
248
...
...
...
Congo
1,005
...
...
...
Cook Islands
3,975
1996
62
41
Costa Rica
3,964
2001
80
u
42
u
Cte d'Ivoire
668
1988
89
h
42
h
Croatia
4,089
2001
62
45
Cuba
2,384
1988
73
l
41
l
Cyprus
11,231
2001
74
51
Czech Republic
4,942
2001
69
51
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
129
...
...
...
Denmark
30,141
2000
83
n
74
n
Djibouti
847
...
...
...
Dominica
3,803
1997
75
60
Dominican Republic
2,982
1998
87
41
Ecuador
1,088
2001
83
59
Egypt
1,355
1999
74
o
20
o
El Salvador
2,103
1999
79
45
Equatorial Guinea
2,628
...
...
...
Eritrea
202
...
...
...
Estonia
3,569
2001
69
p
58
p
Ethiopia
102
1999
90
72
Fiji
2,031
1996
79
39
Finland
23,377
2001
71
p
64
p
France
21,848
2000
62
48
French Guiana
7,988
1990
75
52
French Polynesia
14,131
1988
74
d
49
d
Gabon
3,988
...
...
...
Gambia
311
1993
70
45
Georgia
573
2001
76
c
58
c
Germany
22,753
2001
66
49
Ghana
251
...
...
...
Greece
10,680
2001
61
38
Grenada
4,391
1997
75
62
Guadeloupe
9,691
1990
67
52
Guam
...
1990
84
c
60
c
Guatemala
1,659
1998-99
74
23
Guinea
397
...
...
...
Guinea-Bissau
279
...
...
...
Guyana
846
1992-93
81
39
Haiti
432
1990
80
49
Honduras
919
2001
85
c t
43
c t
Hungary
4,649
2001
62
p
46
p
Iceland
30,681
2001
88
c q
79
c q
India
476
1991
80
r
34
r
Indonesia
723
1999
85
52
Iran (Islamic Rep. of)
4,690
1996
75
11
Iraq
3,352
1987
74
10
Ireland
25,066
2001
71
48
Israel
19,521
2001
61
48
Italy
18,653
2001
62
ee ff
36
ee ff
Jamaica
2,801
1999
73
e
55
e
Japan
37,494
2001
76
49
Jordan
1,556
1993
73
c
13
c
Kazakhstan
1,129
1989
78
62
Kenya
342
1989
81
71
Kiribati
531
1990
84
68
Korea, Dem. People's Rep.
540
...
...
...
Korea, Republic of
9,782
2001
74
c u
49
c u
Kuwait
19,871
1995
83
43
Kyrgyztan
265
1989
75
59
Lao People's Dem. Rep.
324
...
...
...
Latvia
2,952
2001
65
d
50
d
Lebanon
4,788
...
...
...
Lesotho
448
...
...
...
Liberia
247
...
...
...
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
5,667
...
...
...
Liechtenstein
33,394
...
...
...
Lithuania
3,039
2000
67
d
55
d
Luxembourg
43,372
2001
66
43
Madagascar
249
...
...
...
Malawi
141
1998
79
76
Malaysia
4,035
2000
83
z
47
z
Maldives
1,985
1995
74
28
Mali
230
...
...
...
Malta
9,069
2001
74
p u
30
p u
Marshall Islands
1,925
1988
77
30
Martinique
10,631
1990
66
54
Mauritania
296
...
...
...
Mauritius
3,886
1995
80
w
39
w
Mexico
5,805
2001
82
u
38
u
Micronesia, Fed. States of
1,934
1985-89
65
x
33
x
Monaco
21,848
...
...
...
Mongolia
391
1998
64
55
Morocco
1,101
1999
79
30
Mozambique
195
...
...
...
Myanmar
726
...
...
...
Namibia
1,981
1993-94
62
48
Nauru
2,533
...
...
...
Nepal
230
1991
80
l
49
l
Netherlands
23,294
2001
73
54
Netherlands Antilles
11,988
2000
67
jj
53
jj
New Caledonia
12,401
1989
81
bb
50
bb
New Zealand
13,441
2001
72
c
57
c
Nicaragua
478
2000
91
36
Niger
170
1988
94
bb
22
bb
Nigeria
244
1986
78
dd
37
dd
Northern Mariana Islands
...
1990
88
a
76
a
Norway
36,198
2001
78
q
69
q
Occupied Palestinian Ter. s
...
2000
67
u
10
u
Oman
7,811
1993
84
16
Pakistan
458
1999-2000
83
c
16
c
Palau
6,163
1990
72
a
53
a
Panama
3,508
1999
80
43
Papua New Guinea
710
...
...
...
Paraguay
1,405
1994
86
c y cc
53
c y cc
Peru
2,085
2001
80
u y
59
u y
Philippines
988
2001
82
53
Poland
4,082
2001
64
gg
50
gg
Portugal
10,603
2001
71
u
54
u
Puerto Rico
17,069
1999
60
a c
26
a c
Qatar
29,100
1986
93
28
Republic of Moldova
299
2001
46
u v
43
u v
Reunion
9,005
1993
63
42
Romania
1,635
2001
69
u
56
u
Russian Federation
1,726
1999
67
hh
52
hh
Rwanda
187
1996
87
85
Saint Kitts and Nevis
8,539
1991
77
57
Saint Lucia
4,735
1997
78
60
Saint Vincent/Grenadines
3,021
1991
81
36
Samoa
,1419
1991
77
c
40
c
San Marino
18,653
1999
76
57
Sao Tome and Principe
336
1991
77
37
Saudi Arabia
8,309
1992
80
15
Senegal
468
1988
83
24
Seychelles
7,272
1989
79
57
Sierra Leone
142
1988-89
80
76
Singapore
22,959
2000
81
56
Slovakia
3,570
2001
68
u
53
u
Slovenia
9,118
2001
65
u
51
u
Solomon Islands
598
1986
87
85
Somalia
216
...
...
...
South Africa
2,954
1991
80
bb
50
bb
Spain
14,054
2001
66
a d u
40
a d u
Sri Lanka
854
2000
76
ii
37
ii
Sudan
353
1996
75
29
Suriname
1,584
1999
61
33
Swaziland
1,507
1986
64
28
Sweden
25,903
2001
80
f ee ff
76
f ee ff
Switzerland
33,394
2000
78
58
Syrian Arab Republic
2,702
2001
83
c
21
c
Tajikistan
143
1989
75
60
Thailand
1,945
2000
81
65
The FYR of Macedonia
1,641
1999
66
f
41
f
Togo
306
...
...
...
Tonga
1,460
1996
75
42
Trinidad and Tobago
6,239
1999
75
47
Tunisia
2,058
1997
73
24
Turkey
2,998
2001
72
26
Turkmenistan
934
1989
78
62
Tuvalu
1,491
...
...
...
Uganda
257
...
...
...
Ukraine
639
2000
64
51
United Arab Emirates
20,457
1995
92
31
United Kingdom
24,058
2001
71
a
53
a
United Rep. of Tanzania
210
...
...
...
United States of America
34,637
2001
74
a c
60
a c
U.S. Virgin Islands
...
1990
72
60
Uruguay
6,009
2001
66
e y
47
e y
Uzbekistan
543
1989
75
61
Vanuatu
1,140
1989
87
79
Venezuela
5,017
1997
83
c
46
c
Viet Nam
401
1989
82
74
Yemen
465
1986
81
aa
2
aa
Yugoslavia
1,094
...
...
...
Zambia
336
...
...
...
Zimbabwe
572
1999
79
65

Sources:


Per capita gross domestic product in US dollars from the National Accounts section of the UN Statistics Division database as of December 2002; economic activity rates from International Labour Office, Yearbook of Labour Statistics , table 1A (Geneva, various years up to 2002), International Labour Organization, Caribbean Office, Digest of Caribbean Labour Statistics 1998 (Port of Spain, International Labour Office, 1999), and national statistical reports.

Footnotes:

... Not available.
a Age 16+ years.
b 28 urban agglomerations.
c Excluding armed forces.
d Excluding conscripts.
e Age 14+ years.
f Age 16-64 years.
g Excluding the rural population of Rondonia, Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Para and Amapa, which represents about 2.5 per cent of the total population of the country. Excluding members of the armed forces in barracks.
h Excluding unemployed persons not previously employed.
i

Excluding full-time members of the armed forces and indigenous populations living on reserves.

j For statistical purposes the data for China do not include Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions and Taiwan province of China.
k The data relate to Bogota, Barranquilla, Medellin, Cali, Bucaramanga, Manizales and Pasto.
l Economically active relates only to employed persons.
m

Age 12+ years.

n Age 15-66 years.
o Egyptian population only.
p Age 15-74 years.
q Age 16-74 years.
r Excluding Jammu and Kashmir (the final status of which has not yet been determined).
s Data for West Bank and Gaza Strip.
t Excluding the departments of Gracias a Dias and Bahia Islands.
u De jure population.
v Data for all ages. That is, activity rate shown is crude activity rate.
w Civilians, usually resident population.
x Excludes Pohnpei State.
y Urban areas.
z Age 15-64 years.
aa Data refer to the former Yemen Arab Republic only.
bb Age 20+ years.
cc Age 15-69 years.
dd Excluding institutional households, armed forces and persons doing unpaid community or social work.
ee

Including armed forces.

ff Including conscripts.
gg Excluding regular military living in barracks and conscripts.
hh Age 15-72 years.
ii Excluding northern and eastern provinces.
jj Curacao only.

Technical notes:

Per capita gross domestic product (GDP) in US dollars is calculated by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat primarily from official national accounts statistics in national currencies provided by national statistical services. GDP is the total unduplicated output of economic goods and services produced within a country as measured in monetary terms according to the United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA). The series shown here is based on the statistical concepts and methods recommended in the 1968 System of National Accounts (United Nations publication, Series F, No. 2, Rev. 3). GDP as defined in the 1968 SNA includes subsistence production produced by households for their own use, valued at current local prices for comparable commodities.

The exchange rates used for the conversion of national currency data into US dollars are the average market rates as published by the International Monetary Fund in the International Financial Statistics. Official exchange rates were used only when a free market rate was not available. For non-members of the fund, the conversion rates used are the average of the United Nations operational rates of exchange. For international comparison, currency exchange rates applied to national accounts aggregates provide an important but highly approximate measure of national economic output and may differ substantially from comparisons based on actual purchasing power.

Adult economic activity rate refers to the percentage population aged 15 and over which is economically active. Data are compiled by the International Labour Office from population census and labour force sample survey data collected by national statistical services and provided to ILO and the Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat in publications and questionnaires. These data are published in the Yearbook of Labour Statistics (Geneva, ILO) and the Demographic Yearbook (United Nations publication).

The statistical concept of economically active population used here is that recommended by the International Conference of Labour Statisticians in 1982 and is designed to be consistent with the concept of economic production in the System of National Accounts. It defines as economically active all employed and unemployed persons, including those seeking work for the first time. It covers employers operating unincorporated enterprises, persons working on their own account, employees, unpaid family workers, members of producers cooperatives and members of the armed forces. In the internationally recommended definition, production of primary products such as foodstuffs for own consumption and certain other non-monetary activites are considered economic activity and persons engaged in such production are to be considered economically active. In principle, any such work for as little as one hour a week is taken to define a person as economically active.

Specific elements of the standard concepts may differ substantially from country to country, such as the choice of time-reference period and the determination of minimum hours of work and unpaid family work, including production for own consumption. These differences may result in particular in the undercounting of women who are economically active.


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